Proceedings: GI 1998

Virtual navigation of complex scenes using clusters of cylindrical panoramic images

Sing Kang, Pavan Desikan

Proceedings of Graphics Interface '98: Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, 18 - 20 June 1998, 223-232

DOI 10.20380/GI1998.28

  • BibTeX

     title = {Virtual navigation of complex scenes using clusters of cylindrical panoramic images},
     author = {Sing Bing Kang and Pavan Kumar Desikan},
     booktitle ={Proceedings of the Graphics Interface 1998 Conference, June 18-20, 1998, Vancouver, BC, Canada},
     year = {1998},
     month = {June},
     pages = {223--232},
     url = {}


The traditional approach of generating novel virtual views of an object or a scene is to render the appropriate 3-D model. The alternative is to render directly from the original images; this approach, which is based on pixel interpolation or reprojection, is called image-based rendering. In this paper, we describe a technique that enables virtual navigation within a complex environment using an image-based rendering technique. In particular, we make use of clusters of cylindrical panoramic images. Each cluster of panoramic images allows the user to smoothly navigate within a particular area, say within a single room. Having a collection of such interconnected clusters would enable the user to seamlessly navigate within a complex environment, such as an entire floor of a building, with each cluster representing a room. To achieve this goal, we examine a few techniques for image-based rendering using a cluster of cylindrical panoramic images to synthesize views from virtual viewpoints. We also describe our method for enabling smooth transition between clusters.