• BibTex

    author = {Xu, Jie and Kaplan, Craig},
    title = {Calligraphic packing},
    booktitle = {Proceedings of Graphics Interface 2007},
    series = {GI 2007},
    year = {2007},
    issn = {0713-5424},
    isbn = {978-1-56881-337-0},
    location = {Montr{\'e}al, Qu{\'e}bec, Canada},
    pages = {43--50},
    numpages = {8},
    doi = {10.1145/1268517.1268527},
    acmdoi = {10.1145/1268517.1268527},
    publisher = {Canadian Human-Computer Communications Society},
    address = {University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada},


There are many algorithms in non-photorealistic rendering for representing an image as a composition of small objects. In this paper, we focus on the specific case where the objects to be assembled into a composition are letters rather than images or abstract geometric forms. We develop a solution to the "calligraphic packing" problem based on dividing up a target region into pieces and warping a letter into each piece. We define an energy function that chooses a warp that best represents the original letter. We discuss variations in rendering style and show results produced by our system.